The electrical plant originally consisted of four 1200 kW turbo generators and four 650 kW diesel generators, but these were upgraded for the Project 69-I ships. It was a smaller and less-expensive counterpart to the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers of 1939. The main armor deck, which was even with the top of the waterline belt, was 90 millimeters (3.5 in) thick and a 30-millimeter (1.2 in) splinter deck was underneath it, although it tapered to 15 millimeters (0.59 in) in thickness over the torpedo protection system. battlecruiser vs heavy cruiser Author: Date: December 2, 2020 December 2, 2020 4 x twin 6 in guns. @aizenns The Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser of the USSR was intended for 38 cm cannons. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II, but were completed later in the early 1950s. The battlecruiser … The funnels had 20 mm armor for their entire height above the deck and a 50 mm box protected the smoke generators. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers are a class of battlecruisers developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the early 1930s. After the Second World War, the Navy had no further use for them … The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69 ), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Initially seven mounts were planned, but the one above the conning tower was exchanged for a director for the 100 mm guns in early 1940 when the Navy realized that the other directors were blocked by the superstructure. A revised, 35,000-ton design with 152-millimeter (6.0 in) guns and extra armor was submitted to the State Defense Council in January 1939. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR).. Secondary Weapons. Paint by Number kits aren’t just for kids. Ultimately, the two ships of the class — Kronshtadt and Sevastopol — would never be completed, due to the aforementioned limitations of Soviet heavy industries at the time, and the eventual commencement of the Great Patriotic War and the re-allocation of the necessary resources for other uses. 194, Marti in Leningrad. Two of these were protected by 20 mm (0.79 in) of armor and were mounted atop the rear superstructure and the tower-mast. Germany and Russia designed new battlecruisers during this period, though only the latter laid down two of the 35,000-ton Kronshtadt class. The situation was not much better for the smaller guns as mountings for both the 152 mm and 100 mm guns were still incomplete on 22 June 1941 and all of these programs were terminated quickly afterwards. It was 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) high of which 1.6 meters (5 ft 3 in) was intended to be submerged as originally designed. The turrets were based on the MK-2 turrets planned for the Project 25 large cruiser. [21], Kronshtadt (Russian: Кронштадт) was built by the Shipyard No. However, with the Kronshtadt, the B-38 guns were prepared in time for use on … The Shipbuilding Commissariat reported on 17 April that it was possible so the agreement was finalized in November 1940 with the deliveries scheduled from October 1941 to 28 March 1943. Main article: Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser. Work on these ships ceased shortly after the German invasion. The main belt was 230 millimeters (9.1 in) thick, with a taper to the lower edge, and inclined outwards six degrees. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the … [17], The Germans sold the Soviets twelve 52-caliber 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SKC/34 guns and their associated Drh LC/34 turrets as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. By this time, however, details were becoming available for the Scharnhorst-class battleships and the ship was deemed inferior to the German ships. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! [7], The hull form was very full with a block coefficient of 0.61 which compared badly to the 0.54 of the Dunkerque, the 0.52 of the German O-class battlecruiser or the 0.5266 of the American Alaska-class cruiser. A total of sixteen ships were planned in the August 1939 building program, but this was scaled back to four in July 1940 and two in October 1940 when it became clear just how unprepared the Soviets were for any large-scale naval construction program. Project 69: Kronshtadt-class Battlecruiser this took some time, but I had exams to pass >_> Some design elements were taken from the World of Warships version of this ship. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. [10], The main armament consisted of three electrically powered triple-gun turrets, each with three 54-caliber 305 mm B-50 guns. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. [20], The ships were originally intended to be laid down 1 September 1939, but they were delayed until November to allow improvements to the shipyards to be completed. They were … This list may not reflect recent changes . These ships were designed to be an even cheaper companion to the preceding Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser.. Nickname: Kron, Project 69, Birthdate: November 30, 1939. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. N-A:construction: Armor :construction: Waterline belt: 230 mm … Kronshtadt Preview They were laid down in 1939, with an estimated completion date in 1944, but Stalin's naval construction program proved to be more than the shipbuilding and armaments industries could handle. [4], The Soviets never did get the detailed data required to redesign the ship's barbettes and magazines, but they did know that the 380-mm barbettes was bigger in diameter than that of the 305 mm turret as well as taller than the Russian turrets. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and … Twelve 7u-bis water-tube boilers worked at a pressure of 37 kg/cm2 (3,628 kPa; 526 psi) and temperature of 380 °C (716 °F). [8], The Kronshtadt-class ships were provided with two KOR-2 flying boats which would be launched by the catapult mounted between the funnels. The largest warships built in the Soviet Union prior to 1938 were the 8,000-metric-ton (7,874-long-ton) Kirov-class cruisers and even they had suffered from a number of production problems, but the Soviet leadership preferred to ignore the industrial difficulties when making their plans. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. They replied that the turrets were out of production, but new ones could be built. While the Frunze was intended to use B-38 16in guns, time overruns led to 15in guns from Germany being imported to use. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The detailed design was supposed to be completed by 15 October 1941, but it was rendered pointless when the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in June. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser: | | | ||| | Side view as the design appeared in ear... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. In the 1930s the Soviets began development of a large cruiser ("bol'shoi kreiser") capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, which the Soviets had not signed. Construction of the ships was delayed as many domestic factories were already overloaded with orders and some components had to be ordered from abroad. They had a fixed loading angle of 6° and their rate of fire varied with the time required to relay the gun. [22], Sevastopol (Russian: Севастополь) was built by Shipyard No. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. She was captured by the Germans when they occupied Nikolayev in late 1941, but the Germans did little with her other than to use some of her material for defensive positions and some was apparently shipped to Germany. Two KDP-4t-II directors, with two 4-meter (13 ft 1 in) rangefinders each, controlled the secondary armament. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Some of her material was used during the Siege of Leningrad to repair other ships and in defensive works, but she could have been finished after the end of the war. [16] The guns fired .732-kilogram (1.61 lb) shells at a muzzle velocity of 880 m/s (2,887 ft/s). When elements of Scharnhorst class battlecruisers built in Germany became known, Committee of Defense in the end of June, 1938 has made a decision to include to the tasks of designed cruisers operations against these German opponents. The riveted hull was subdivided by 24 transverse bulkheads and used longitudinal framing in the citadel, but transverse framing for the structure fore and aft of the citadel. The Germans said that they would have to check back for the technical details. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR). The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. Their rate of fire also varied with the elevation from 7.5 to 4.8 rounds per minute. The normal fuel oil capacity was 2,920 metric tons (2,874 long tons), which provided an estimated endurance of 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) at full speed. [13] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 13 degrees per second and traverse at 6 degrees per second. The dual-purpose guns were controlled by two, later three, stabilized directors, each with a 3-meter (9 ft 10 in) rangefinder. So limit is higher than 30.5 cm. However, this decision occurred right before the Great Purge began to hit the Navy in August 1937 and two of the ship's designers were arrested and executed within a year. When elements of Scharnhorst class battlecruisers built in Germany became known, Committee of Defense in the end of June, 1938 has made a decision to include to the tasks of designed cruisers operations against these German opponents. Kronshtadt will be introduced in the game as Tier IX, no details if it will be Premium or a Reward ship. 100 rounds per gun were carried. A heavy cruiser was designed before the Second World War as an intermediate between the light cruiser Kirov and Chapayev classes and the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers.The specification, or OTZ in Russian, was issued in May 1941, but plans were shelved with the invasion of the Soviet Union by Germany.Construction was proposed again in … Posted on October 2, 2017 by MSW. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. These ships had a complex and prolonged design proces The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [6] All of these changes added over 1,000 metric tons (984 long tons) to the ships' displacement and the sketch design was completed by 16 October 1940, as Project 69-I (Importnyi—Imported), even though they still lacked data for the turrets and their barbettes. Until 1989 not even a tentative general arrangement drawing had been published; more was known Battleship 'B' was redesignated as Project 25 and given the task of destroying Treaty cruisers and German pocket battleships. The dual-purpose mountings had 50 mm armor with 40-millimeter (1.6 in) barbettes. A third ship, possibly to be called Stalingrad, was never started. The forward transverse 330-millimeter (13.0 in) bulkhead was 330 mm thick while the rear bulkhead was 275 millimeters (10.8 in) thick. Prototypes of neither had been completed by the time the Germans invaded. Nevertheless, the Stalingrad class would have made a fearsome line of vessels. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. They had a maximum range of 30,085 meters (32,901 yd) with a 50-kilogram (110 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 915 m/s (3,000 ft/s). Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser: | | | ||| | Side view as the design appeared in ear... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. We will never know how this Battlecruiser would perform in battle, as the two ships of the class: Kronshtadt and Sevestapol would never be completed, due to the aforementioned limitations of Soviet heavy industries at the time, and the eventual commencement of the Great Patriotic War; with most of their resources reallocated for other uses. Their elevation limits were -5° to +45° with a fixed loading angle of 8°. The Kronshtadts were specifically built to counter the threat of the german Bismarck-class. Hiei, Kongo-Class Battlecruiser - 1926 The potential follow up is the Amagi-Class Battlecruiser. They were similar in size and cost to a battleship, and typically carried the same kind of heavy guns, but generally carried less armour and were faster.The first battlecruisers were designed in the United Kingdom in the first decade of the century, as a development of the armoured … The upper deck was only 14 millimeters (0.55 in) thick and was intended to initiate shell and bomb fuzes. 10/7/1938 the Basic technical development plans on designing of a heavy cruiser of project 69 have been approved. Two mounts were abreast the forward funnel, two just abaft the rear funnel and the last two on the centerline of the aft superstructure superfiring over the rear main-gun turret. There was the Stalingrad Class Battlecruiser which had the Stalingrad Moscow (Moskva) and Krontadt, the one they showed was a Stalingrad Class Kronstadt image provided, the one with 15 inch guns was the Kronstadt Class a Battlecruiser that came before the Stalingrad and wasn't even approved due to the start of the war and the plans was lost for it. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. 3 x twin 15 in guns. [13] They could traverse at a rate of 12° per second and elevate at 10° per second. Kronshtadt Modules. [6], The power plant was laid out on a unit system. They wanted a ship not to exceed 23,000 metric tons with a speed of 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph) and an armament of nine 254 mm guns, but the requirement proved to be too ambitious for the specified size and it increased to 26,200 metric tons (25,786 long tons) in the design submitted in June 1938. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. Name: Kronshtadt. The belt was 185 meters (606 ft 11 in) long and covered 76.8 percent of the waterline; forward of this was a 20 mm belt that extended all the way to the bow. A battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a large capital ship built in the first half of the 20th century. She was judged obsolete and the Soviets considered converting her into an aircraft carrier, but the idea was rejected and both hulls were scrapped in 1947. So the barbette of turret number two had to be raised to clear turret number one and the height of the conning tower had to be raised to clear turret number two. Type: Battlecruiser. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. Id say Kongo-Class Battlecruiser is definately without a doubt Japan's option. The Project 25 design was accepted in mid-1937 after major revisions in the armor scheme and the machinery layout and four were ordered with construction to begin in late 1937 and early 1938. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. List of ships of Russia by project number, "Russian 305 mm/55 (12") B-36 Pattern 1937 305 mm/55 (12") B-50 Pattern 1940", List of battlecruisers of the Soviet Union, Large cruiser or "cruiser killer" designs. The State Defense Committee revised the requirements and specified a size about 31,000 metric tons (30,510 long tons), an armament of nine 305-millimeter (12.0 in) guns, an armor belt 250 mm (9.8 in) thick and a speed about 31–32 knots (57–59 km/h; 36–37 mph). [9], The main turrets had 305 mm faces and backs and 125-millimeter (4.9 in) sides and roofs. Only Kronshtadt '​s hull survived the war reasonably intact and was about 10% complete in 1945. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The shipyards in Leningrad and Nikolayev had less than half the workers intended. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. 10/7/1938 the Basic technical development plans on designing of a heavy cruiser of project 69 have been approved. Side view as the design appeared in early 1939. The ships were partially redesigned to accommodate them, after construction had already begun, but no turrets were actually delivered before Operation Barbarossa. A large gunship officially designated as a heavy cruiser but more of a high-speed "small battleship" by technical characteristics. The single-reduction, impulse-reduction geared steam turbines were an imported Brown Boveri design shared with the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleship, but the factory in Kharkiv that was to build them never finished a single turbine before the Germans invaded. [5] The new turrets required more electrical power which meant that the output of the turbo generators had to be increased to 1,300 kilowatts. [2], This was approved and the detailed design work began with the basic concept that the ship should be superior to the Scharnhorst-class ships and able to outrun the Bismarck-class battleships. They were still on the slipways when the Germans invaded in 1941 and construction was suspended. [9], Maximum speed was estimated at 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph), using the revised propeller design, although forcing the machinery would yield an extra knot. The second boiler room contained four boilers and was followed by a turbine room for the central shaft. It asked for another design, displacing 23,000 metric tons (22,637 long tons) and armed with 254-millimeter (10.0 in) guns, i… Naval Front-Line Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. Subcategories. The speed remained the same as the deeper draft was offset by a more efficient propeller form. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser is part of the Battlecruisers of the world series, a featured topic. Right elevation of Kronshtadt class. These had two 8-meter (26 ft 3 in) stereoscopic rangefinders, one to track the target and the other to measure the range to the ship's own shell splashes. This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. 6 x twin 37mm AA guns. She was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947 and her dismantling began shortly afterwards. This meant that the main belt had to be extended upwards to meet the main armor deck at a significant penalty in weight. While the naval war in the Atlantic was winding down, the Soviet Admiralty decided to order the ships not only to further modernize their fleet, but to challenge the massive American Fleet in the postwar. The forward turrets were inboard and above the outer turrets which provided both turrets with good arcs of fire. Both ships, Kronshtadt and Sevastopol were commissioned in 1936. It covered 61.5% of the ship's length and had a total depth of 6 meters (19 ft 8 in), that reduced to 4 meters (13 ft 1 in) forward and aft where the hull lines became finer. As a response to the German Scharnhorst-class battle cruisers, Stalin’s government had also ordered three battle cruisers that were laid down in 1939 and were designed to mount nine 16-inch guns. The Admiral Class (Hood), Kongo class and Amagi class were conceived and built (in the case of the Hood) as battlecruisers IRL. Each of the directors had 14 mm of armor as did the 37 mm gun mounts. These ships were designed to be an even cheaper companion to the preceding Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser.. Class: Kronshtadt-Class ⚔ Armament ⚔ Main Weapon. The secondary turrets had 100 mm faces with 50-millimeter (2.0 in) sides and roofs and 75-millimeter (3.0 in) barbettes. The Kronshtadt Class Battlecruiser was the lighter Soviet counterpart to the Sovetskaya Rossiya-class battleship. Class battlecruiser was the lighter Soviet counterpart to the German Bismarck-class the potential follow up is the Amagi-Class battlecruiser short... Latter laid down two of the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the 1930s the... Were already overloaded with orders and some components had to be called Stalingrad, never. Achieve even modest speeds this excellent venture… what a Great idea Foundation, Google, and Apple secondary had! Less than half the workers intended War II Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship the... 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Delivered before Operation Barbarossa was Last edited on 20 February 2018, at 17:57 ( UTC kronshtadt class battlecruisers and! Ix, no details if it no longer meets these criteria, you can it... 330 mm sides and roofs and 75-millimeter ( 3.0 in ) barbettes id say Kongo-Class battlecruiser is definately without doubt! Mm gun mounts and Russia designed new battlecruisers during this period, though only the following 20 subcategories out... Kdp-4T-Ii directors, with the Soviet Navy in the 1930s by the end of 1935 but... Were still on the MK-2 turrets planned for the Soviet Navy in the 1930s by the no.

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